Pergola

By Ana White

SKILL
intermediate

This pergola has it all - built in shelves and modern lattice for shade on sides. It’s easy to build, and you can make it your own by cutting decorative patterns in the rafter tails.

Tools

  • Drill
  • Narrow Crown Stapler
  • Miter Saw

Accessories

  • 25 FT. Tape Measure
  • Black Fine Point Permanent Workshop Marker (6-Pack)
  • Hex Shank Countersinks - 4 Pack

Materials

  • 1 - 2X4 BOARD, 10 FEET LONG
  • 1 - 2X8 BOARD, 8 FEET LONG
  • 1-1/4” AND 2” 18 GAUGE STAPLES
  • 10 - 2X6 BOARDS, 12 FEET LONG
  • 10 - 2X6 BOARDS, 8 FEET OR STUD LENGTH (CUT UPPER RAFTERS FROM THESE BOARDS)
  • 2 - 2X6 BOARDS, 12 FEET LONG
  • 2-1/2”, 3 -1/2” EXTERIOR DECKING SCREWS
  • 24 - 1X2 BOARDS, 10 FEET LONG
  • 4 - 6X6 POSTS, 8 FEET LONG

Steps

STEP 1

Carefully space 6x6 posts out on level surface, 120” apart from outside to outside. Mark 141” long rafters, 10-1/2” in from ends on each end. Predrill 4 holes, attach 2 posts w/ 3-1/2” long exterior decking screws. Make sure posts are parallel.

Tools

drill, marker, tape measure

Materials

decking screws
sketch of rafters put together

STEP 2

Check to make sure posts are parallel. Attach cross supports to posts & rafters. To attach to rafters, use 2-1/2” exterior deck screws. To attach to posts, drill 1-1/2” pocket holes. Use 2-1/2” pocket hole screws.

Tools

tape measure, marker, drill

Materials

2-1/2" exterior deck screws
attached pergola legs

STEP 3

Notch out rafters by setting saw blade depth of circular saw to 2-3/4”, and make cuts every 1/4” in the wood to be removed. Use a chisel to remove wood.

Tools

miter saw, marker, tape measure
rafters added ro base

STEP 4

Begin building shelves by attaching 17-1/2” 2x4s to 66” 2x6s with 2-1/2” exterior deck screws, predrilling holes, with 2 screws per joint.

Tools

drill

Materials

exterior decking screws
shelves added to frame

STEP 5

Use 3-1/2” exterior deck screws to attach shelves to posts. Predrill holes and attach through both 2x4s and 2x6s.

Tools

drill
shelves attached to frame

STEP 6

Predrill holes and attach 20-1/2” long 2x6 to ends of shelf 2x6 boards with 2-1/2” exterior wood screws.

Tools

drill

Materials

exterior wood screws
shelves drilled to rafters

STEP 7

Lay seat boards in place. Attach to 2x4 framing with 2-1/2” exterior deck screws through predrilled holes.

Tools

drill

Materials

exterior deck screws
laid seat boards in place and attached with deck screws

STEP 8

Drill (2) 1-1/2” pocket holes on each end of 2x6 boards that are 55” long. Attach to posts with 2-1/2” pocket hole screws.

Tools

drills

Materials

pocket hole screws
post attached to Frame

STEP 9

Use 2” staplers to attach vertical lattice boards to 2x6s from previous step. Start 1-1/2” offset from center and work outward. TIP: Use (2) 3” wood scrap blocks as spacers.

Tools

narrow crown stapler
vertical lattice boards attached

STEP 10

Attach horizontal lattice boards to the vertical lattice boards with 1-1/4” staples. Spacing between boards is 3”.

Tools

narrow crown stapler

Materials

staples
lattice created

STEP 11

Trim inside edges of lattice with 2x6 boards. Attach to posts with 1-1/2” pocket holes and 2-1/2” pocket hole screws.

Tools

narrow crown stapler, drill

Materials

pocket hole screws, staples
Edges trimmer of lattice and attached to posts

STEP 12

Here is the entire rendering of the pergola's dimensions.

finished pergola rendering with dimensions